Types of Ayurvedic Researches
The Ayurvedic field has a vast
scope for research in variety of ways. All what is needed that; it should
benefit Ayurveda and the society at large. Here are a few examples.
Literary Research – This is the most important but the most neglected
type of research. Finding out various kinds of manuscripts, studying them to
some extent and then select a few and concentrate on them is the first step
required. Bringing out critical editing of the available texts is itself a
tedious, time consuming job. But the work is most important because it is
really the basis for any kind of research in Ayurveda. Exploration of
textual information in variety of ways is another kind of literary research,
which we have undertaken by the name Triskandha Kosha.
Fundamental Research – Many Ayurvedic concepts are still unknown e.g. Rasa
(The Taste). In modern medicine, importance is given to food calories, but
the taste of food is just neglected. A fundamental research is a must to
explore many such things.
Clinical Research – This has been much tried until now, but the approach
is of modern medicine. It’s like finding out anti-diabetic activity of an
Ayurvedic medicine. No doubt, first preference will go to those areas where
the modern medicine has very little success or no success at all, e.g.
hepatitis, arthritis, I. T. P, Multiple sclerosis, Cancer, AIDS etc. But the
method of clinical research should be such, that it would benefit Ayurveda
e.g. we had undertaken Cancer Research project. It was a primary study and
we wanted to understand Cancer in Ayurvedic terms. Later we can think of
Ayurvedic treatment properly. I have already published a book entitled
“Cancer, Heart disease, and Diabetes – Prevention and Treatment in
Ayurvedic Perspective”. In this way clinical research can be taken up for
Drug Research – There is a misunderstanding between a drug and
treatment. Many a people believe them to be one and the same. Actually
treatment is basically understanding the disease and intellectually fixing
up the guidelines. Medicine is just a part of treatment and treatment really
consists of mainly of medicine, its dose, time factors etc. But in modern
medicine, the whole credit and discredit goes to the drug, forgetting all
other aspects of treatment. So the drug research today has been confined to
only clinical trials of a particular drug in a particular disease. This
attitude needs to be changed. Identification of herbs, standardization of
processes of manufacturing, analysis and toxicological study of medicines
containing gold, silver etc. are important drug researches yet unexplored to
E) Inter Disciplinary Research – The philosophy of Ayurveda has been derived from various
Indian philosophies. There are so many areas, where inter disciplinary
research can be taken up e.g. Yoga and Ayurveda, Astrology and Ayurveda etc.
This will definitely enlighten various unseen factors.